10 things you didn't know about the Golden Circle
No matter whether it is your first time in Iceland or you’ve been here multiple times - the destinations on the Golden Circle look different in each season, and there are always new locations to discover.
The Golden Circle is one of the most popular tourist routes in Iceland. It consists of three crown jewels - the Thingvellir National Park, the Strokkur geyser and Gullfoss waterfall - and many smaller stops. It’s possible to spend days discovering the wonders of the area, but don’t worry if you only have a few hours to spend here - you will definitely have an amazing time. Due to it being one of the most popular routes, the roads are maintained even in the winter, so nothing should stop you from a snowy adventure. (Just in case, always keep a close eye on the weather forecast and the road conditions before venturing out in the winter.)
To make your experience even better, we collected some little-known-facts about the three main attractions of the Golden Circle.
Thingvellir National Park
You can find this beauty just about an hour away from the busy capital area. With remarkable geological and historical significance, this park is one of the must-sees of Iceland. Thingvellir is bigger than one might think: the popular area with the old parliament, church, Öxarárfoss waterfall and Almannagjá canyon is only a small fragment of it. You can get lost here for hours, be it a nice easy hike on one of the paths or a stroll around the sparkly blue Thingvallavatn lake.
1. In the Thingvellir National Park, you can stand on two continents at once...
...If you can spread your legs 7 km wide. This is the distance between the North-American and Eurasian tectonic plates, that created the rift valley that you can uniquely see above sea level in the national park. The middle part is No Man’s Land, and the rift between the two continents grows 2 cm each year.
2. Thingvellir has been a National Park since 1928
The Icelandic Parliament, the Althingi was founded in 930, one of the oldest democratic establishments in the world. As a celebration of the anniversary of Icelands 1000th birthday, the country declared Thingvellir a national park. Understandably, they were expecting a lot of important foreign personnel to the party, but compared to today’s hotel-infrastructure, in 1930, the country did not have much to offer to its guests. An Icelandic wrestler, who made a fortune in America, Jóhannes Jósefsson came to the rescue, and offered a hefty sum to help build the first luxury accommodation in the country, the still-operating Hotel Borg in downtown Reykjavik.
3. Thingvellir has some dark history
The stories about the national park are not all glorious. Close to the Öxaráfoss waterfall, you can find the Drekkingarhylur-pool. This pool has been infamous for hosting the execution by drowning of several women who had been accused of sins of adultery or child murder. The citizens who were found guilty of witchcraft were burnt at stake at the Brennugjá-gorge. In the 17th century witch hunts, out of the 23 people executed, only 2 were female, which went against the European and American ‘trends’, where witchcraft was mostly associated with women.
4. The largest lake of Iceland is Thingvallavatn
With its 85 km2s it’s slightly bigger than Manhattan. The lake, which is a popular among fishermen for its Arctic charr has an impressive depth of 114 m as well - as a comparison, the Hallgrimskirkja church is 74 m tall.
Geysir and Strokkur
After leaving the national park and driving an hour towards the middle of the country, we will find ourselves on the Haukadalur geothermal field with its geysers and hot springs. The Great Geysir has been dormant for more than a hundred years, but its little sibling Strokkur is still active. Make sure to always follow the marked path when you’re in the area - boiling hot water might gush out from the earth at any time.
5. Geyser is an Icelandic word
The word ‘geyser’ comes from the Icelandic verb, ‘geysa’, which means ‘to gush’. The English word originates from Geysir, which is the name of the first geyser that was known in Europe.
6. The history of the mother of all geysers goes back a long way...
...As long as the 13th century, from when the first ever written records of the the Great Geysir have been found. Although there has been some attempts to wake up the Great Geysir with soap, it has been dormant for a while now. Its smaller cousin, Strokkur, is still spewing every 10 minutes or so..
7. Strokkur was first mentioned in 1789
Its eruptions can be as high as 40 meters, but usually they are about 20 meters due to the frequency of the eruptions. Strokkur stopped working after an earthquake blocked its conduit but luckily it was cleaned out and brought back to life in 1963.
One of Iceland’s iconic waterfalls, the Gullfoss is just about 10 minutes of driving away from Geysir. The name Gullfoss translates to ‘Golden Waterfall’, which refers to the golden colour of the water it takes on a sunny day.
8. The Gullfoss-waterfall is part of a glacial river
The river’s name, Hvítá, can be translated as: the White River. The name comes from the white-ish colour of the water which is the result of the different minerals originating from the Langjökull glacier.
9. Sigríður Tómasdóttir was the first environmentalist of Iceland
In 1907, an English businessman, Howells has seen the opportunity of a lifetime in buying the Gullfoss waterfall, harnessing its great energy to produce electricity. The land belonged to Tómas Tómasson, whose daughter Sigríður was very fond of this natural treasure and took it on herself to protect it against the foreign investors. She walked all the way Reykjavik to talk about her case, and threatened to throw herself into the waterfall if everything fails. With the help of lawyer Sveinn Björnsson, they managed to annul the contract and the waterfall was saved by Sigríður’s bravery and resistance. Today, Gullfoss belongs to the people of Iceland and is one of the most frequently visited landmarks of the whole country.
10. Gullfoss is powerful
No wonder they wanted to build a power plant on it. The valley of the waterfall gets 25 cm longer each year due to erosion. For the lovers of numbers: the usual water flow over Gullfoss is 109 cubic metres per second with the heaviest water flow ever recorded being 2000 cubic metres per second.
If you have some time for a small detour, make sure to visit this volcanic crater lake. The caldera is typical ‘volcano-like’, which is due to the fact that with its 3000 years, Kerið counts as a young caldera.
+1 The acoustics are great
They are so good that there have been concerts performed on the lake. A boat on the lake served as a stage, while the audience was sitting and enjoying the music - and the scenery - on the caldera around the lake. Sounds lovely, doesn’t it?